While it’s easy to agree that mosquitoes are one of the worst types of pests, they do have their own important place within the ecosystem.
Without them, they would disrupt the process of pollination and slowly eradicate several species of plants.
But, don’t worry. You can follow these steps to get rid of them.
Ways to get rid of mosquitoes
How to prevent mosquitoes
Mosquitoes are called little fly in Spanish and also called Mozzies in Africa, new Zealand and austalia since the early 16th century. Mosquitoes are about 1/8-3/8 inches of length.
They have a head, thorax, abdomen and six legs. On their head consist of two large eyes, two ocelli (little eyes), two antennae, and also proboscis.
They have two large scaled wings. Mosquitoes can’t fly so far that is only up to 40 miles and fly below 25 feet.
These animals have a receptors on their antenna which can detect the carbon dioxide.
They usually active in search of their foods in the night.
Most species of mosquitoes lifespan are about two months. Females have longer age which commonly six to eight weeks, than males which are only not more than 10 days.
Female commonly lay on eggs approximately three time when it is alive. And they commonly hibernate about up to six months.
Common species of mosquitoes
About more than 3500 species of mosquitoes are identified in the world.
175 species of them are found in the united state and there are 4 common species of them are the Anopheles, Quadrimaculatus, Culex pipiens,Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito).
The Anopheles is known as a malaria carrier, and three other of them spread various forms of encephalitis.
What does mosquito eat?
Actually the mosquitoes mainly eat fruit and plant nectar as their energy. But the females need blood in order to support the protein of their eggs.
Most females of mosquitoes will bite and feed the blood about each two days to lay on their eggs due to their continuously breed.
They usually can lay on their eggs more than 300 eggs at the same time.
Water plays as important factor to support the eggs to develop into larvae, they is called wigglers. They breathe oxygen and eat the organic food on the surface of stagnant water.
Then they change into pupae, and after several days they develop into the adult mosquitoes.
What disease does mosquitoes carried?
Generally there is no physical effect of most mosquitoes bites except the itchy on the exact skins which are bitten.
Otherwise, there are several certain species which are responsible of spreading human illness.
Those species are such as Anopheles mosquitoes are the species known to carry malaria to infect the human, and also can transmit filariasis or called elephantiasis and encephalitis.
Then Culex mosquitoes are considered to carry encephalitis, filariasis, and also the West Nile virus.
And Aedes mosquitoes which are known as the voracious Asian tiger, they carry some disease such as yellow fever, dengue, and encephalitis.
How to get rid of mosquitoes
As we know that some species of mosquitoes are indicated to carry some viruses. They can be dangerous while transmit to human which even cause the death.
So for that reason, we have to take action to rid of the mosquitoes around our house.
There are some methods which can be applied to keep mosquitoes away from.
Use Natural Repellent
Naturally, mosquitoes dislike the certain aroma of some natural substances such as coffee ground, camphor, citronella oil , lavender oil, pinion wood, peppermint, rosemary, catnip and feverfew, tea tree oil, garlic, mix the eucalyptus and the lemon oil, beer, coconut oil, Lilac oil, soy bean oil, and dry ice.
We can use them by spraying on the place where mosquitoes are usual found, and also can be applied to our skin to avoid those mosquitoes bite our skin.
DEET is one of chemical repellent of mosquitoes that is known as the ‘gold standard’ of their repellents.
Most mosquitoes dislike the bad smell of DEET and they will go away from.
A product of mosquitoes repellent contain of approximately 10 percent DEET which can protect for about 90 minutes.
It is considered to proven effective to rid of the mosquitoes.
Some certain bacteria are considered as effective to kill the larvae of mosquitoes.
The common bacteria which is used to rid of mosquitoes is Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis (Bti).
It is a commercially-produced bacteria which is usually sold in pellet or powder form. This product can be applied into stagnant water where larvae usual live.
Use Chemical Insecticides
One of the common chemical insectices used to control mosquitoes is Permethrin. It usually disrupts the central nervous system of mosquitoes, then they died.
But, this insecticide is not affected to their eggs and larvae. So that the mosquitoes are possible to return.
Use Mosquitoes Predators
There are two usual two main mosquito predators used mostly over the world to control the mosquiotoes, such as Gambusia or mosquitofish and dragonflies.
The fish and nymphs (young dragonfly) eat the mosquito larvae. And adult dragonflies eat mosquitoes.
Mosquitoes traps are considered be able to kill thousands mosquitoes in a night.
Based on public health researchers studied in Australia showed that a Mega-Catch™O trap can catch and kill about more 44,000 female mosquitoes in less two weeks.
How to prevent mosquitoes
Most people have a mosquitoes problem. They do some effective methods to keep the mosquitoes away from their home.
But after success to rid of the mosquitoes, they have to aware to maintain and prevent mosquitoes to come back again.
There are some tricks to prevent the mosquitoes come to home.
Close any stagnant water in vessel of the bathroom
Mosquitoes commonly lay their eggs on the water such as the water of bathroom.
Prevent the mosquitoes larvae can develop to adult mosquitoes, we should close the vessel in the bathroom. So that, they can’t lay their egg on the veseel of our bathroom
Flush out stagnant water in the yard
The stagnant water in the yard is the best place of laying the eggs of mosquitoes. The water is usually dirty and often is not concerned by anyone.
Clean the rubbish
Rubbish bin is one of the place where is easy to find waste foods such fruits. This will be place of mosquitoes infestation and if the rubbish bin near to our home, it might be possible to enter in home
Avoid to use the dark fabric in our home
Actually, dark cloth or fabric is the color which attracts the mosquitoes. They usually like to come the dark place, so that reason.
We should use the light colored cloth or fubric in our home.